Centrifugation accompanied by flocculation of fine biosolids is often utilized in wastewater treatment. Unfortunately, commonly used laboratory jar tests often over-estimate the size of the flocculated solids (flocs) that can be realized in-situ in the centrifuge as the fragile flocs can be easily broken by shear and turbulence during feed acceleration in the centrifuge. Currently, there is no satisfactory method to predict in-situ floc size in the centrifuge, despite the floc size is critical to separation and solids recovery. The difficulty in making predictions also leads to inaccuracy in predicting solids recovery by decanter centrifuge and scale-up between centrifuges of different sizes, designs, and operating conditions, which is an even more serious issue. This study attempts to address these hurdles.
In this study, first the flow pattern in a decanter centrifuge in form of moving layer at the pool surface is demonstrated by two different experiments. Second, a model on separation of suspended flocs in the moving layer in a centrifuge is developed. Further, a two-parameter model is proposed to represent the floc size distribution wherein the first parameter represents the minimum floc size (primary particle without coagulation or flocculation) and the second parameter represents the median floc size. A closed form analytical solution for the model is obtained with results expressed in a dimensionless Leung number and the ratio of minimum-to-median floc size. Third, a Buckingham-p analysis has been conducted confirming the two dimensionless parameters, that govern the separation in a moving layer under centrifugal field, can also be derived from the more basic dimensionless p-groups. Fourth, by matching the solids recovery obtained from tests with the model prediction, the median floc size can be inferred. In this matching process, the minimum floc size is assumed to be equal to the size of the unflocculated solids. Fifth, four sets of tests have been carried out using two decanter centrifuges of different sizes and designs operating, respectively, under different pool depths, feed rates, polymer dosages and rotation speeds in a wastewater treatment plant processing mixed sludge with 48% primary sludge and 52% waste activated sludge. The median floc size inferred from the present method is in the range of 4 to 9 mm from the three series of tests (20 tests). The improved feed acceleration design...
Session: L2 - Decanter Centrifuges
Day: 13 March 2018
Time: 14:45 - 16:00 h