Experimental study of electrospun polyacrylonitrile nanofiber in gas-liquid coalescence filtration

F. Chen, Z. Ji, Q. Qi, Z. Liu, L. Miao*, China University of Petroleum, China

Coalescing filters are widely used to remove small droplets from gas streams, while it is increasingly difficult to meet the pollution emission requirements with traditional microfiber filters. Due to a large fiber surface area and small fiber diameter, the nanofiber materials are able to improve the overall filtration performance of filters. Electrospinning is one of the most common and available methods to prepare nanofibers. The work presents a study on the filtration performance of composite nanofiber filters with different properties, aiming to provide a better understanding of the application of nanofibers in the gas-liquid filtration field.

A range of solutions with three different concentrations were prepared, with a polymer of Polyacrylonitrile (PAN) and a solvent of N, N-dimethylformamide (DMF). The glass fiber materials were selected as a substrate, on which the nanofibers were collected. Five different voltages were applied for each solution concentration. An additional layer of glass fiber, used as a protective layer, was covered on the prepared nanofiber layer to construct a sandwich. The effects of solution concentration and electrospun voltage on the structure and morphology of nanofibers, as well as filtration performance of composite filters were investigated experimentally. A scanning mobility particle sizer (SMPS) was used to measure the aerosol concentrations upstream and downstream of the filters, from which the efficiency was derived.

The results showed that...

Session: G2 - Mist and Droplet Separation II
Day: 13 March 2018
Time: 14:45 - 16:00 h

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